In order to thoroughly understand the Islamic ritual of Aqeeqah we will have to analyze the ahadith collection as there is no mention of Aqeeqah in the Holy Quran. All the aspects related to the ritual of Aqeeqah have been mentioned in detail in the ahadith of Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Malik’s Muwatta and Sunan Abu Dawood. I shall discuss about these ahadith in this post and in the next one so that the concept of Aqeeqah is easily understood.
Narrated Umm Kurz al-Kabiyyah, ‘I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say, ‘Two resembling sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl. Abu Dawood said, ‘I heard Ahmad (Ibn Hanbal) say, ‘The Arabic word ‘Mukafi at’ani’ means equal in age or resembling each other. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book of sacrifice, no.2828)
Narrated Umm Kurz, ‘‘I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say, ‘Let the birds stay in their roosts. She said that she also heard him say, ‘Two sheep are to be sacrificed for a boy and one for a girl, but it does no harm whether they are male of female. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book of sacrifice, no.2829)
Narrated Abdullah Ibn Amr Ibn al-‘As: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was asked about Aqeeqah. He replied, ‘Allah does not like the breaking of ties as though he disliked the name. And he said, ‘If anyone had a child born to him and wishes to offer a sacrifice on its behalf then he may offer two resembling sheep for a boy and one sheep for a girl. The he was asked about Fara (the first baby of a camel). He replied, ‘Fara is right. If you leave it i.e. let it grow till it becomes a healthy camel of one year or two years then you give it to a widow or give it in the Path of Allah for using it as a riding beast, it is better than slaughtering it at a age when its meat is stuck to its hair and you turn over your milking vessel and annoy your she-camel. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book of sacrifice, no.2836)
Narrated Burayday ibn al-Hasib, ‘When a boy was born to one of us, we sacrificed a sheep and smeared its head with its blood. However, when Allah brought Islam, we sacrificed a sheep, shaved his head and smeared his head with saffron. (Sunan Abu Dawood, Book of sacrifice, no.37)
In my next post, I shall Inshallah discuss about the remaining ahadith (Sahih Bukhari and Malik’s Muwatta) which throw light on some important aspects of the Islamic ritual of Aqeeqah.
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